|The bimco uniform bill of lading
clauses and conditions under the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1991.
by Sirintornrut Kungsaviwat.(1997) ; Master Degree thesis.
*(The Full Text view in Thai Language only)*.
It appears that a
present practice of international liner shipping business usually lays down similai
clauses and conditions in bill of lading. All or parts of the clauses and conditions are
usuallly taken from the international standard form initiated or formulated by an
association of shipowers called "BIMCO". Such provision may lead to certain
practical problems because Thailand enacted the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act in ACt in
1991. Since the legislation does not adopt not adopt the whole international concepts
applicable to general bill of lading. Thus, this thesis focuses on the study of the
principles of the Act applicable to the clauses and conditions in the bill of lading
commonly used in the practice of carriage of goods by sea. The study finds that some
clauses and conditions in the bill of lading issued for domestic and international
maritime transport are not enforcable under the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1991. Because
the principles of the Act were not totally derived from Hague Rules and HagueVis by Rules
which are always referred to in the bill of lading. In the author's opinion, Thailand
should consider the amendment of certain provisions of the Act taking into account the
International Law directly applicable to bill of ladings and the basis of improvement
should be to promote the Thai mercantile marine business so that it can compete with other