MMI Research 16

Bulk Terminal Operations

by Ms. Sumalee Sukdanont in 1998 *(The Full Text view in Thai Language only)*


    This study was conducted into the operations of both dry and liquid bulk terminals. The objectives are to study the cargo handling equipment and other facilities; and to study the impacts of cargo operations to the environment, and the pollution protection measures which should be implemented by the port.

    Although the basic elements will remain approximately the same from one terminal to another, the bulk terminals differ from others in the respect of location, cargo handling equipment, labour and infrastructures.

    In dry bulk terminals the methods and equipment used in ship loading are different from those in ship unloading. Many of the dry bulk commodities are dusty. Hence dust is the major problem in the environmental considerations. The main concern for most luquid bulk terminals is safety. Many of the commodities are inflammable or dangerous, or are a pollution risk both at the time of loading and discharging and in storage. Generally, the rate of loading and discharging is governed by the capacity of the ship’s pump rather than by that of the port handling equipment.

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